Vision problems in children

Vision problems in children

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According to American Academy of Ophthalmology, problems that affect vision such as myopia or hyperopia affect more than 20 percent of school-age children. This percentage means that one in four schoolchildren suffers from a visual problem.

For this reason, it is very important that children have their vision controlled by their pediatrician and are examined by an expert in ophthalmology at three years of age to identify possible visual problems that could impair their academic development.

If your child has a headache when leaving school, has sore eyes when doing homework, or frowns when reading, it is probably due to a vision impairment.

The main vision problems in children are myopia, hyperopia and astigmatism. Others like strabismus, which is characterized by crossed eyes; amblyopia known as lazy or lazy eye and eyelid ptosis, which results in drooping of the upper eyelids, are less prevalent among young students. Eye care in children also includes protecting them from the effects of UV rays emitted by the sun.

Myopia implies seeing well up close and badly from afar. Children with myopia are characterized by not seeing objects or people that are far away correctly. To see better, these children often squeeze their eyes to focus on distant objects.

Children who do not yet wear glasses may appear more shy or clueless, preferring activities in which they do not have to fix their eyes. When doing others, such as reading, painting or crafts, problems such as dyslexia can appear.

Some children, because they cannot see well, can change, when copying from a blackboard, letters like p with q, or d with b. In those cases, it is best to consult an ophthalmologist, as soon as possible.

Hyperopia is the exact opposite of myopia. The child sees well from a distance but poorly up close. Those affected by hyperopia have a blurred perception of nearby objects and see better from afar.

It is common for children to strain their eyes with pain in the eyes or headache, tearing, and frequent blinking. They generally prefer to play outside.

It occurs when one part of the image is in focus ahead of the rest, both on near and far objects.

Astigmatism distorts the shape of objects and those who suffer from it perceive a distorted vision of things, both from far and near. It is usually associated with myopia or hyperopia, presenting symptoms of both pathologies.

It usually begins when one or both eyes lose a significant degree of vision. Amblyopia or lazy eye affects four out of every hundred children in Spain. It consists of the partial loss of vision in one or both eyes of a child, which cannot be corrected with glasses.

The diagnosis must be early, since it can be treated successfully before the age of 7. If it is not diagnosed before that age, the consequences can lead to a loss of vision in the affected eye, since it does not develop properly and, little by little, it stops working and stimulating itself, which ends up losing the ability to vision.

This ocular pathology occurs in childhood, so its early detection is essential for adequate treatment.

It occurs when normally one of the two eyes deviates inwards or outwards. Strabismus is a loss of parallelism of the eyes. As a consequence, each one looks in a different direction.

This ocular defect is a serious problem for the visual system and must be immediately evaluated by a specialist.

You can read more articles similar to Vision problems in children, in the category of Vision on site.

Video: Common Eye Problems in Children. Dr. Hemalatha u0026 Tejaswi (February 2023).